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The Russo-Japanese War was a military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan from 1904 to 1905. Much of the fighting took place in northeastern China. The Russo-Japanese War was also a maritime war, with ships that… In English contract law, an agreement, in order to be binding, must be considered to establish legal relations; but in commercial transactions (i.e. agreements that do not exist between family members or friends), there is a legal presumption of “intent to establish legal relations”. In the 1925 case of Rose and Frank Co. v. JR Crompton – Bros Ltd., however, the House of Lords found that the phrase ” “This regulation is not … a formal or legal agreement … is only a record of the parties` intention “was sufficient to rebut this presumption.

[16] Until Jackie Robinson was hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946, a gentlemen`s agreement ensured that African-American players were excluded from organized baseball. [18] Chinese immigration to California boomed during the gold rush of 1852, but the strict Japanese government practiced a policy of isolation that thwarted Japanese emigration. It was not until 1868 that the Japanese government reduced restrictions and Japanese immigration to the United States began. Anti-Chinese sentiments motivated American entrepreneurs to recruit Japanese workers. [2] In 1885, the first Japanese workers arrived in the then independent kingdom of Hawaii. A gentlemen`s agreement, or gentleman`s agreement, is an informal and legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties. It is usually oral, but it can be written or simply understood as part of a tacit agreement by convention or by mutually beneficial label. The essence of a gentlemen`s agreement is that it depends on the honour of the parties for its achievement, rather than being enforceable in one way or another. It differs from a legal agreement or a contract. Gentlemen`s agreements were a widespread discriminatory tactic, which would have been more common than restrictive alliances to maintain the homogeneity of upper-class neighborhoods and suburbs in the United States. [17] The nature of these agreements made it extremely difficult to prove or follow them, and they were long after the U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Shelley/.