The Russo-Japanese War was a military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan from 1904 to 1905. Much of the fighting took place in northeastern China. The Russo-Japanese War was also a maritime war, with ships that… In English contract law, an agreement, in order to be binding, must be considered to establish legal relations; but in commercial transactions (i.e. agreements that do not exist between family members or friends), there is a legal presumption of “intent to establish legal relations”. In the 1925 case of Rose and Frank Co. v. JR Crompton – Bros Ltd., however, the House of Lords found that the phrase ” “This regulation is not … a formal or legal agreement … is only a record of the parties` intention “was sufficient to rebut this presumption.
 Until Jackie Robinson was hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1946, a gentlemen`s agreement ensured that African-American players were excluded from organized baseball.  Chinese immigration to California boomed during the gold rush of 1852, but the strict Japanese government practiced a policy of isolation that thwarted Japanese emigration. It was not until 1868 that the Japanese government reduced restrictions and Japanese immigration to the United States began. Anti-Chinese sentiments motivated American entrepreneurs to recruit Japanese workers.  In 1885, the first Japanese workers arrived in the then independent kingdom of Hawaii. A gentlemen`s agreement, or gentleman`s agreement, is an informal and legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties. It is usually oral, but it can be written or simply understood as part of a tacit agreement by convention or by mutually beneficial label. The essence of a gentlemen`s agreement is that it depends on the honour of the parties for its achievement, rather than being enforceable in one way or another. It differs from a legal agreement or a contract. Gentlemen`s agreements were a widespread discriminatory tactic, which would have been more common than restrictive alliances to maintain the homogeneity of upper-class neighborhoods and suburbs in the United States.  The nature of these agreements made it extremely difficult to prove or follow them, and they were long after the U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Shelley/.