A worker may have an individual employment contract or, if unionized, is covered by a relevant collective agreement. Employment New Zealand`s website provides detailed information on your minimum employment rights and obligations in the workplace, as well as simple information on labour law. Immigration to New Zealand is governed by the Immigration Act 2009. While New Zealand generally meets and exceeds international standards for race relations legislation and policies, barriers to employment and transport remain one of the main problems facing migrants and refugees living in New Zealand.  The Human Rights Commission has reported that the plight of migrant workers in New Zealand has been widely reported in the mainstream media on a number of issues, including discrimination, exploitation and struggles for work and entry visas.  New Zealand has ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Currently, people with disabilities, although they are protected by a number of national laws (. B, for example, the Human Rights Act and the NZBORA), are considered one of the most disadvantaged groups in New Zealand in terms of the right to work and barriers to employment, such as winning interviews.  This is reflected in figures published in 2006, which show that the participation rate of persons with disabilities in New Zealand was 45%, compared to 77% for non-disabled people.  Although the UN Human Rights Committee has been at the forefront of a number of international legal issues, it expressed concerns in 2010 about the low representation of women in high-level and executive positions, as well as in the governing bodies of private companies. , regarding ICCPR`s respect for the arts 2, 3 and 26.
It was recommended that the state look for ways to promote women`s participation in these roles, including by strengthening cooperation and dialogue with private sector partners. Although the part-time employment rate in New Zealand has almost doubled since 1986 for men, women still have a higher part-time employment rate than men (23.1% and 8.7%) respectively.  There was also a pervasive inequality between men and women in power-sharing and decision-making at all levels.  Current mechanisms were found to be insufficient at all levels to address women`s development, and the gender pay gap was criticized with an average average of 10.6%.  Some of your most important rights are dealt with on this page. For more information on the current minimum wage and your labour rights, visit the Employment New Zealand website. It has information in 14 languages and a free online course where you can know your minimum rights. The Employment Relations Act 2000 (“ER ACT”) is the most fundamental labour law in New Zealand.
The Employment Act repealed the Employment Contract Act 1991 (ECA). It adopts a series of essential provisions concerning freedom of association, recognition and exploitation of trade unions, collective bargaining, collective agreements, collective agreements, individual employment contracts, occupational training leave, strikes and lockouts, personal complaints, disputes, employment contract application, employment service, labour court , the labour agency and labour inspectors.